Statistics and Learning Theory
L.6.4
Lecture
Gradient-Based Distributed Learning

Communication-Efficient Gradient Coding for Straggler Mitigation in Distributed Learning

Swanand Kadhe, O. Ozan Koyluoglu, Kannan Ramchandran

Date & Time

01:00 am – 01:00 am

Abstract

Distributed implementations of gradient-based methods, wherein a server distributes gradient computations across worker machines, need to overcome two limitations: delays caused by slow running machines called 'stragglers', and communication overheads. Recently, Ye and Abbe [ICML 2018] proposed a coding-theoretic paradigm to characterize a fundamental trade-off between computation load per worker, communication overhead per worker, and straggler tolerance. However, their proposed coding schemes suffer from heavy decoding complexity and poor numerical stability. In this paper, we develop a communication-efficient gradient coding framework to overcome these drawbacks. Our proposed framework enables using any linear code to design the encoding and decoding functions. When a particular code is used in this framework, its block-length determines the computation load, dimension determines the communication overhead, and minimum distance determines the straggler tolerance. The flexibility of choosing a code allows us to gracefully trade-off the straggler threshold and communication overhead for smaller decoding complexity and higher numerical stability. Further, we show that using a maximum distance separable (MDS) code generated by a random Gaussian matrix in our framework yields a gradient code that is optimal with respect to the trade-off and, in addition, satisfies stronger guarantees on numerical stability as compared to the previously proposed schemes. Finally, we evaluate our proposed framework on Amazon EC2, and demonstrate that it reduces the average iteration time by 16% as compared to prior gradient coding schemes.


Presenters

Swanand Kadhe

University of California, Berkeley

O. Ozan Koyluoglu

University of California Berkeley

Kannan Ramchandran

University of California Berkeley

Session Chair

Chao Tian

Texas A&M University