The recursive projection-aggregation (RPA) decoding algorithm for Reed-Muller (RM) codes was recently introduced by Ye and Abbe. We show that the RPA algorithm is closely related to (weighted) belief-propagation (BP) decoding by interpreting it as a message-passing algorithm on a factor graph with redundant code constraints. We use this observation to introduce a novel decoder tailored to high-rate RM codes. The new algorithm relies on puncturing rather than projections and is called recursive puncturing–aggregation (RXA). We also investigate collapsed (i.e., non-recursive) versions of RPA and RXA and show some examples where they achieve similar performance with lower decoding complexity.