Coding for Communications
Coding for Communications II

An Efficient Algorithm for Designing Optimal CRCs for Tail-Biting Convolutional Codes

Hengjie Yang, Linfang Wang, Vincent Lau, Richard D. Wesel

Date & Time

01:00 am – 01:00 am


Cyclic redundancy check (CRC) codes combined with convolutional codes yield a powerful concatenated code that can be efficiently decoded using list decoding. To help design such systems, this paper presents an efficient algorithm for identifying the distance-spectrum-optimal (DSO) CRC polynomial for a given tail-biting convolutional code (TBCC) when the target undetected error rate (UER) is small. Lou et al. found that the DSO CRC design for a given zero-terminated convolutional code under low UER is equivalent to maximizing the undetected minimum distance (the minimum distance of the concatenated code). This paper applies the same principle to design the DSO CRC for a given TBCC under low target UER. Our algorithm is based on partitioning the tail-biting trellis into several disjoint sets of tail-biting paths that are closed under cyclic shifts. This paper shows that the tail-biting path in each set can be constructed by concatenating the irreducible error events (IEEs) and circularly shifting the resultant path. This motivates an efficient collection algorithm that aims at gathering IEEs, and a search algorithm that reconstructs the full list of error events with bounded distance of interest, which can be used to find the DSO CRC. Simulation results show that DSO CRCs can significantly outperform suboptimal CRCs in the low UER regime.


Hengjie Yang

University of California, Los Angeles

Linfang Wang

University of California, Los Angeles

Vincent Lau

University of California, Los Angeles

Richard D. Wesel

University of California, Los Angeles

Session Chair

Andrew Thangaraj

Indian Institute of Technology Madras