In this work, we study the generalized degrees-of-freedom (GDoF) of downlink and uplink cellular networks, modeled as Gaussian interfering broadcast channels (IBC) and Gaussian interfering multiple access channels (IMAC), respectively. We focus on regimes of low inter-cell interference, where single-cell transmission with power control and treating inter-cell interference as noise (mc-TIN) is GDoF optimal. Recent works have identified two relevant regimes in this context: one in which the GDoF region achieved through mc-TIN for both the IBC and IMAC is a convex polyhedron without the need for time-sharing (mc-CTIN regime), and a smaller (sub)regime where mc-TIN is GDoF optimal for both the IBC and IMAC (mc-TIN regime). In this work, we extend the mc-TIN framework to cellular scenarios where channel state information at the transmitters (CSIT) is limited to finite precision. We show that in this case, the GDoF optimality of mc-TIN extends to the entire mc-CTIN regime, where GDoF benefits due to interference alignment (IA) are lost. Our result constitutes yet another successful application of robust outer bounds based on the aligned images (AI) approach.
We consider a cell-free MIMO system in uplink, comprising a massive number of distributed transmit and receive antennas. In our distributed antenna system (DAS), transmit and receive antennas are distributed according to homogeneous point processes (PP) and the received signals are processed jointly at a central processing unit (CPU). In centralized massive MIMO systems, the phenomenon of favorable propagation has been observed: when the number of receive antennas tends to infinity while the number of transmit antennas remains finite, the users’ channels become almost orthogonal and low complexity detection via matched filtering is almost optimal. We analyze the properties of DASs in asymptotic conditions when the network dimensions go to infinity with given intensities of the transmit and receive antenna PPs. We study the analytical conditions of favorable propagation in DASs with two kinds of channels, namely, channels with path loss and transmit and receive antennas in line of sight (LoS) or in multipath Rayleigh fading. We show that the analytical conditions of favorable propagation are satisfied for channels impaired by path loss and Rayleigh fading while they do not hold in the case of LoS channels, motivating the use and analysis of multi-stage receivers. Simulation results of the favorable propagation conditions and the performance of multi-stage detectors for finite systems validate the asymptotic analytical results.
A nonlinear detector derived within a maximum likelihood estimation framework is shown to be effective in retrieving the channel coefficients and data of users on the uplink channel of a noncooperative wireless system without the access point hav- ing any prior channel state information (no CSI or noncoherent setup). Rather than relying on pilot-assisted transmissions, it is shown that a maximum likelihood-based detector emerges naturally from an information-theoretic argument. The assumptions under which the detector is designed are as follows: 1) the uplink data from different users are independent and non-Gaussian; 2) the coherence block of the channel is much larger than the num- ber of users (in practice, the square of the number of users); 3) the number of antennas at the access point or base station is equal to the number of users; 4) users continuously transmit within the coherence block; and 5) the transmission occurs at high signal-to-noise ratio. No coordination between the access point and unintended users (interference) is needed. Some co- ordination with intended users is needed. Finally, the system is assumed to be symbol-synchronous.
Directional transmission patterns (a.k.a. narrow beams) are the key to wireless communications in millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency bands which suffer from high path loss and severe shadowing. In addition, the propagation channel in mmWave frequencies incorporates only a few number of spatial clusters requiring a procedure to align the corresponding narrow beams with the angle of departure (AoD) of the channel clusters. The objective of this procedure, called beam alignment (BA) is to increase the beamforming gain for subsequent data communication. Several prior studies consider optimizing BA procedure to achieve various objectives such as reducing the BA overhead, increasing throughput, and reducing power consumption. While these studies mostly provide optimized BA schemes for scenarios with a single active user, there are often multiple active users in practical networks. Consequently, it is more efficient in terms of BA overhead and delay to design multi-user BA schemes which can perform beam management for multiple users collectively. This paper considers a class of multi-user BA schemes where the base station performs a one shot scan of the angular domain to simultaneously localize multiple users. The objective is to minimize the average of expected width of remaining uncertainty regions (UR) on the AoDs after receiving users' feedbacks. Fundamental bounds on the optimal performance are analyzed using information theoretic tools. Furthermore, a beam design optimization problem is formulated and a practical BA scheme, which provides significant gains compared to the beam sweeping used in 5G standard is proposed.
The channel capacity of wireless networks is often studied under the assumption that the communicating nodes have perfect channel-state information and that interference is always present. In this paper, we study the channel capacity of a wireless network without these assumptions, i.e., a bursty noncoherent wireless network, where the users are grouped in cells and the base-station features several receive antennas. We obtain that the channel capacity is bounded in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) when the number of receive antennas is finite and the probability of presence of interference is strictly positive.