In this paper we derive a key rate expression for the extended version of the B92 quantum key distribution protocol that takes into account, for the first time, the effects of operating with finite resources. With this expression, we conduct an analysis of the protocol in a variety of different noise and key-length settings, and compare to previous bounds on comparable protocols.
The tasks of converting noisy multipartite quantum correlations into noiseless classical and quantum ones using local operations and classical communications (LOCC) are studied. For the former, known as common randomness (CR) distillation, two novel lower bounds on the “distillable common randomness”, an operational measure of the total genuine (classical) correlations in a quantum state, are obtained. Our proof relies on a generalization of communication for omniscience (CO) [Csiszár and Narayan, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 50: 3047-3061, 2004]. For the latter, we derive two lower bounds on the rate at which Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states can be asymptotically distilled from any given pure state under LOCC. Our approach consists in “making coherent” the proposed CR distillation protocols and recycling of resources [Devetak, Harrow and Winter, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 54:4587-4618, 2008]. The first lower bound is identical to a recent result by Vrana and Christandl [IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 65:5945-5958, 2019], which is based on a combinatorial approach to achieve the same rate. Our second lower bound generalises and improves upon this result, and unifies a number of other known lower bounds on GHZ distillation. Full details in the long version .